Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1669

Climbing woody vine
Perennial
Polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Look for it in dry upland forests (especially sandy or rocky), other forests, swamps, dunes, roadsides, thickets, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-yellow
Bisexual & unisexual
Radially symmetrical
Calyx usually unlobed
5 petals
5 stamens, abortive in pistillate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Purple
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Vitales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vitis rotundifolia var. rotundifolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 120-02-001:
Vitis rotundifolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Muscadinia rotundifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Muscadine, Scuppernong


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0304c_06

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0304c_08

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

Mark A. Musselman    mam_muscadine042606

April    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0405y_34

May    Greenville County    SC

Inconspicuous greenish-white flowers in axillary clusters, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120617_037

June    Spartanburg County    SC

Drooping aerial roots originate from the stem, which may climb up to 100', per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s080629_a

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Leaves 2 to 4" long with large and distinct (dentate) teeth, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of grape-like species

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150712_472

July    Pickens County    SC

Tendrils not forked (whereas those of other grapes are usually forked), per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150724_507

July    Pickens County    SC

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150724_510

July    Pickens County    SC

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150724_511

July    Pickens County    SC

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

Mark A. Musselman    mam_muscadine082107

August    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

Fruit green turning red to purple to black, occ bronze; tan spots when ripe, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

Gill Newberry    gn09_v_rotundifolia_fruit

September        

The berries, thick-skinned grapes, in clusters of 1-few, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0309m_02

September    Greenville County    SC

picture of Vitis rotundifolia, image of Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia

Gill Newberry    gn10_vitis_rotundifolia

October