Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


124

Forb
Perennial
Reversibly dioecious, or monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic forests, bottomlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring
Spathe hood green or green striped with purple
Inflorescence a spadix

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Alismatales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Arisaema triphyllum var. triphyllum

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 032-05-002:
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Arisaema triphyllum

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_artrt3_001_lvd

        

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm200321_3291

March    Polk County    NC

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_c

April        

Spathe flange much wider than in A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, or pusillum, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm200411_3674

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm200418_3943

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm200418_3947

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Keith Bradley    kab_a_triphyllum_03089

April    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_triphyllum_tri

April        

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm0305s_21

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_10

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_11

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm160502_057

May    Macon County    NC

A plant that can change gender from one year to the next [here female], per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Teri Nye    nye_1378_web

May    Macon County    NC

Spathe hides the tiny flowers at spadix base (male on left, female on right).

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Teri Nye    nye_1456

May    Macon County    NC

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_b

May?        

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm190618_9286

June    Greenville County    SC

Arisaema's leaflets are pinnately veined; Trillium leaves are parallel-veined.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm190618_9287

June    Greenville County    SC

The inflorescence is overtopped and often hidden by the 1-2 leaves, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Patrick D. McMillan    pdma_triphyllum

June    Somerset County    ME

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_a

July        

In cultivation

A solid green or purple-striped spathe (pulpit) surrounds the spadix (jack), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm060704_004

July    Pickens County    SC

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm160707_219

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm200703_6351

July    Greenville County    SC

Normally a pair of leaves, each palmately divided into thirds, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum

July        

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm160818_621

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm080924_121

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

JK Marlow    jkm160919_023

September    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Leaves glaucous beneath at maturity (vs A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, pusillum), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arisaema triphyllum, Common Jack in the Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum_frts

October        

The bright red berries are found clustered at base of the spadix in autumn, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.