Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1195

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on natural levees & second terraces, also in upland depression swamps developed on clay soils, weedy & successional on slopes & upland sites following disturbance, and widely planted as a street tree in towns & cities, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus phellos   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus phellos   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-030:
Quercus phellos   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Willow Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_quph_001_lvd

        

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_quph_004_lvd

        

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_phellos

January        

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_14

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Young bark smooth and dark gray; mature bark has deep furrows & rough ridges, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm080314_003

March    Greenville County    SC

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm080314_006

March    Greenville County    SC

Acorn cups covering 1/3 or less of nut, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

Keith Bradley    kab_quercus_phellos_1071

April    Richland County    SC

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    s050503_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Leaves narrowly oblong or lanceolate, margin entire, both base & apex acute, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm0406l_23

June    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_16

July    Greenville County    SC

Downtown Greenville

Widely planted as a street tree in towns and cities, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_18

July    Greenville County    SC

Downtown Greenville

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_phellos_leaves

September        

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

Paul Thompson    pstquercus_phellos

September?        

Note tufts of light-colored woolly pubescence along midrib on leaf underside. — Clemson Extension

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    jkm061111_015

November    York County    SC

Blackjacks Heritage Preserve

picture of Quercus phellos, image of Quercus phellos

JK Marlow    s041201_a

December    Greenville County    SC

Leaf apex bristle-tipped, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.