Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1156

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides, bottomland forests, other forests & woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite & often basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Violet
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped calyx
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower three-lobed
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Brown
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-12-001?:
Prunella vulgaris   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Prunella vulgaris

 

COMMON NAME:
American Heal-all, American Self-heal


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0506l_12b

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0506l_14

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0407a_22

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0407p_20

July    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0407p_21

July    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm090726_055

July    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Corolla's upper lip is hoodlike, arching over the 4 stamens, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm090726_055b

July    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Corolla's lower lip is bent downward and its median lobe is fringed, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata

JK Marlow    jkm0408c_20

August    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Main or median stem leaves lanceolate to oblong, and wedge-shaped at base, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.