Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1114

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it . Depending on variety, it can be found in moist to dry forests and/or on roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Whitish
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals, almost completely connate
6 stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in drooping axillary clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Polygonatum biflorum +   FAMILY Ruscaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-10-002:
Polygonatum biflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Polygonatum commutatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Solomon's Seal, Smooth Solomon's Seal


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm090412_010

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm090412_014

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm120414_990

April    Pickens County    SC

Twin Falls

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm120424_518

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves smooth and glaucous beneath, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm120424_521

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers 12-21mm long, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm150423_511

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Solomon's Plume, Solomon's Seal, Twisted Stalk, and two Bellworts

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm090503_088

May    Polk County    NC

Stems 0.2-2m long, 1.5-15mm in diameter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm090503_088b

May    Polk County    NC

Flowers usually in pairs from a common stalk, but up to 9 may be present, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

Tim Spira    tpspbiflorum

May        

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm0106a_00

June    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

Var biflorum & commutatum are not always readily distinguished morphologically, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

JK Marlow    jkm0309m_15

September    Greenville County    SC

Berry blue-black, globose, 8-12mm in diameter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Polygonatum biflorum +

Tim Spira    tpspbiflorum2

Month Unknown