Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1069

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in bottomland forests, nutrient-rich slopes, mesic hammocks, in the Coastal Plain primarily in places underlain by coquina limestone ("marl") & essentially absent from the more acidic portions of the Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer
Purple/Pink/Lavender/White
2-lipped 5-lobed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla
4 stamens, attached to corolla tube
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Nutlet

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Phryma leptostachya   FAMILY Phrymaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phryma leptostachya   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Phryma leptostachya var. leptostachya

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 163-01-001:
Phryma leptostachya   FAMILY Phrymaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phryma leptostachya

 

COMMON NAME:
American Lopseed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm120424_546

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm120424_551

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm060508_203

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Opposite, petioled, coarsely toothed ovate leaves up to 6" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm080726_020

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm080726_023

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Flowers horizontal, but when wilted hang downward - hence the name Lopseed, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm080726_023b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Flowers 1/4" long in regularly spaced pairs on one or more slender spikes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm090711_092

July    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm090711_095

July    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm190702_9611

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm190702_9615

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Phryma leptostachya, American Lopseed

JK Marlow    jkm120815_686

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

After flowering, the hardened calyx is closely reflexed against the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.