Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1019

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in wet-mesic to dry woods, thickets, and woodland openings, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall

Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-045:
Panicum dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum barbulatum

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum dichotomum

 

COMMON NAME:
Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_paba7_001_lhd

        

Panicum barbulatum < D. dichotomum var. dichotomum

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_padi8_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_padi8_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200505_4588

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Spikelets glabrous, 1.8-2.3mm long; widest vernal blades 3-8(10)mm wide, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200602_5611

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm180711_3378

July    Greenville County    SC

A small and "tidy" species, with stems 6-12" tall and well-spaced, rather short leaves, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    s100703_d

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm201026_7969

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Short branchlets of autumnal phase bear usually much-reduced leaves, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm211027_4608

October    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_007

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_008

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_010

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_011

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    s071105_abc

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

Autumnal phase much branched at middle nodes, lower part usually bladeless, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.