Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


993

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in GA & SC (uncommon in NC)

Look for it in maritime forests and (in FL, GA, SC, and extreme s. NC) hammocks and other dry, sandy forests well inland; reported southwards for wet habitats as well, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Opposite or subopposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Creamy-white
Mostly unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4-lobed calyx
4-lobed campanulate corolla
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a few-flowered axillary panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Cartrema americanum   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Osmanthus americanus var. americanus   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 153-04-001:
Osmanthus americana   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Amarolea americana

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Synopsis of American Cartrema (Oleaceae) (Nesom, 2012)
Cartrema americana

 

COMMON NAME:
Devilwood, Wild Olive


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

JK Marlow    jkm0501a_35

January    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

Glossy evergreen lvs opposite (typically subopposite), oblanceolate to obovate, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

JK Marlow    jkm110320_164

March    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

JK Marlow    jkm110320_166

March    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

JK Marlow    jkm100413_008

April    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

Flowers in short axillary panicles (rarely racemes), short-pedicellate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

JK Marlow    jkm100413_010

April    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Osmanthus americana, image of Cartrema americanum

Sam Pratt    sbp_896

April    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Leaves are entire on the margin, 10-14cm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.