Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


896

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in upper Piedmont)

Look for it in mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, crowded at branch tips & appearing whorled ("umbrella-like")

FLOWER:
Spring
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Usually radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-02-004:
Magnolia fraseri   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Umbrella Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Magnolia fraseri

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mafr_001_lvd

        

image of Magnolia fraseri

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_mafr_002_lvd

        

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0402c_07

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Terminal buds purplish, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri_trunk

March    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm100430_151

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

False whorls of leaves at branch tips impart an umbrella-like appearance, per South Carolina's Native Magnolias. Journal of the SC Native Plant Society (Figlar, 2007).

image of Magnolia fraseri

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmagnfra_1

April        

image of Magnolia fraseri

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmagnfra_2

April        

image of Magnolia fraseri

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfraseri_234

April-May?        

Flowers large and pleasantly scented, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0505f_36

May    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm110507_249

May    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers are sweet-scented with cream-colored petals and 8-10" across, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm140519_964

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

Bark gray, thin, smooth, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm140519_969

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

A canopy species typically in moist rich soils, to 30m in optimum sites, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160504_442

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm160504_445

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Magnolia fraseri

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fraseri_73442

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Magnolia fraseri

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fraseri_73465

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Magnolia fraseri

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri

Ron Lance    rwl_mag_fraseri_habit

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm140816_733

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

Fruit an aggregate of follicles, bright red when mature, glabrous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    s040807_a

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Leaf blades 10-18" long, 5-8" wide, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0009a_17a

September    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0410i_16

October    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    jkm0410l_09

October    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Bark thin, smooth, grayish-brown, becoming slightly scaly, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia fraseri

JK Marlow    s041027_b

October    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Blades obovate to spatulate, conspicuously auriculate at the base, glabrous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia fraseri

Tricia Kyzer    tkz_magnolia_cone

Month Unknown