Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


894

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in mesic to subxeric forests, esp (but by no means strictly) over mafic or calcareous rocks, up to at least 1550m (where growing with Betula alleghaniensis, Abies fraseri, Picea rubens, and Sorbus americana), ultramafic outcrop barrens (where codominant with Pinus rigida and Quercus alba), per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish, yellowish-green
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia acuminata   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-02-007:
Magnolia acuminata   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Tulipastrum acuminatum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

 

COMMON NAME:
Cucumber Magnolia, Cucumber-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_maac_001_lvd

        

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm0402c_09

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Terminal bud grayish, with silky hairs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_magnolia_acuminata

March        

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm0405s_02

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Wofford College

Fruit resembles cucumber while green in June; by August it's turned red, per Gardening with Native Plants of the South.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm110513_541

May    Greenville County    SC

Camp Old Indian

SC State Champion Tree

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm120517_125

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves lacking auriculate base & spaced along twig (not crowded terminally), per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_magnolia_acuminata_2

May        

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

Will Stuart    wil_9023183721_53de1d8216

May    Madison County    NC

Slightly fragrant, yellowish-green, 2-4" long flowers, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

Will Stuart    wil_9136212103_30c64d58e2

May    Madison County    NC

It attains a much greater stature than any other magnolia, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm100618_046

June    Cherokee County    NC

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm080729_094

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Buds white-silky, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm080729_097

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_acuminata_3

July    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

image of Magnolia acuminata var. acuminata

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_22

August    Transylvania County    NC

Bark gray-brown, furrowed into scaly ridges, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.