Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


674

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry to mesic deciduous forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale purplish/ Purplish-brown
Bisexual
3-merous
3-lobed calyx gradually contracted to a smooth waist just below the calyx lobes
Petals absent
12 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 062-03-001:
Hexastylis arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH New combinations in North American Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) (Barringer, 1993)
Asarum arifolium var. arifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Asarum arifolium

 

COMMON NAME:
Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

Steve Marlow    snm079801_36

January    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0303l_22

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm070407_052

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm070407_054

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Leaves mottled - the paler areas *between* the veins, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_011

April    Pickens County    SC

Calyx tube may be ovoid with short erect lobes, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_013

April    Pickens County    SC

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_018

April    Pickens County    SC

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_026

April    Pickens County    SC

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_032

April    Pickens County    SC

Calyx tube may be urceolate-campanulate with spreading lobes, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_037

April    Pickens County    SC

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080430_038

April    Pickens County    SC

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090425_046

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Calyx gradually contracted to a smooth waist just below calyx lobes, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090426_011

April    Pickens County    SC

Portions of the sides of nearly all leaves straight or concave, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_h_arifolia_2629

April    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

Tim Spira    tpsharifolia4

May        

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    jkm130922_489

September    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

The two leaves at left and bottom are Hexastylis arifolia.

picture of Hexastylis arifolia, image of Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

JK Marlow    s071018_cd

October    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaf triangular, ovate-sagittate or subhastate, basal lobes ~1/3 leaf length, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.