Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


331

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC & in GA Mountains (uncommon to rare southward)

Look for it in mesic, nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have long petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer
White
2-merous
2 sepals
2 petals
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Nut-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Myrtales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Circaea canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 137-05-001:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Circaea latifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Canada Enchanter's Nightshade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis, image of Circaea canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_09

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers usually well-spaced on terminal racemes, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis, image of Circaea canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160702_139

July    Jackson County    NC

Leaves long-stalked, ovate, shallowly and irregularly toothed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis, image of Circaea canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160702_139b

July    Jackson County    NC

Two deeply notched petals, one of only a few plants with 2-petaled flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis, image of Circaea canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160726_036

July    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

picture of Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis, image of Circaea canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160726_039

July    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Fruit uncinate-bristly [the bristles have hooks at their tips], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.