Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


328

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain of NC)

Look for it in rich cove forests, other mesic & moderately to very fertile forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Ternately decompound
Alternate & basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
4 sepals (usually)
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Follicle

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Actaea racemosa   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Actaea racemosa +   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 076-09-001:
Cimicifuga racemosa   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Black Cohosh, Early Black Cohosh, Black Snakeroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm120330_277

March    Pickens County    SC

Terminal leaflet with 3 major veins arising from the base, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm110415_580

April    Carroll County    GA

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm160421_352

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm060508_087

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Black Cohosh on the left; Blue Cohosh on the right

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm070526_087

May    Polk County    NC

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm070526_089

May    Polk County    NC

Black Cohosh on the left; False Goatsbeard on the right

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm110513_474

May    Greenville County    SC

Camp Old Indian

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm0506e_15

June    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Leaflets broad, coarsely toothed; terminal leaflet generally 3-lobed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE compound leaves of woodland herbs, with toothed margins

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm120617_980

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm120617_982

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Actaea racemosa

Tim Spira    tps_aracemosa

June        

Flower stalks 3-8' tall w tassel-like flowers in long narrow arching racemes, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Cohosh, Doll's-eyes, and Goatsbeard

image of Actaea racemosa

Jerry Bright    jeb_mg_5426

July    Haywood County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm0407i_03

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The petals are absent, but the flowers have numerous showy white stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm0308s_35

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Follicles 5-8mm long, 4-5mm broad, broadly ellipsoid, pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm0509f_31

September    Greenville County    SC

SC Native Plant Society Plant Sale

The numerous stamens give the long narrow inflorescence its fuzzy appearance, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm0509f_32

September    Greenville County    SC

SC Native Plant Society Plant Sale

The sepals fall off as the flower opens, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Actaea racemosa

JK Marlow    jkm111008_940

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Petiole of basal leaves terete, not grooved (or with an early shallow groove), per Weakley's Flora.