Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Read Edible Wild Plants: Chicory from Lytton Musselman and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society.
Read more about Cichorium at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Chicory, Blue Sailors, Succory
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm0506n_12
June Buncombe County NC
The dried roasted root is used as a flavoring or substitute for coffee, per Weakley's Flora (2012).
John B. Nelson jbn_7652980996_811e421baf
July Colleton County SC
Ray flowers have 5 teeth at their tip; disk flowers are absent, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
JK Marlow jkm0007d_25
July Haywood County NC
Flowers usually open only in the morning, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
JK Marlow jkm170914_0427
September Haywood County NC
Anthers blue, connate around style. Style blue and white. Stigma blue, per www.missouriplants.com.
JK Marlow jkm170914_0431
September Haywood County NC
Short outer bracts and long narrow inner bracts usually glandular-ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org bug_5436772
Leaves oblong, toothed or pinnately lobed, smaller upward on the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
Habitat: Roadsides, fencerows, vacant lots, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)
Alternate (basal leaves usually absent or withered at flowering)
Rays: Blue (rarely pink or white)
Ray flowers bisexual
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers p088
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide p382
- Southern Appalachian Wildflowers p188
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast p440
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States p132
- Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition p186
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition p246
- Wildflowers of Tennessee p283
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians p332
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains p173
- Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses p087