Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


325

Forb
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in roadsides, fencerows, vacant lots, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

full sun ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate (basal usually withered by flowering)

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Rays: Blue (rarely pink or white)
Disc: Absent
Ray flowers bisexual
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Brownish/Blackish
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cichorium intybus   FAMILY Asteraceae_

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cichorium intybus   FAMILY Asteraceae_

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 179-04-001:
Cichorium intybus   FAMILY Asteraceae_

 

COMMON NAME:
Chicory, Blue Sailors, Succory


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cichorium intybus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ciin_001_lvd

        

image of Cichorium intybus

JK Marlow    jkm0506n_12

June    Buncombe County    NC

Roadside

The dried roasted root is used as a flavoring or substitute for coffee, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Cichorium intybus

John B. Nelson    jbn_7652980996_811e421baf

July    Colleton County    SC

Ray flowers have 5 teeth at their tip; disk flowers are absent, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Cichorium intybus

JK Marlow    jkm0007d_25

July    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

Flowers usually open only in the morning, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Cichorium intybus

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0427

September    Haywood County    NC

Anthers blue, connate around style. Style blue and white. Stigma blue, per www.missouriplants.com.

image of Cichorium intybus

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0431

September    Haywood County    NC

Short outer bracts and long narrow inner bracts usually glandular-ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Cichorium intybus

John Cardina, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org     bug_1551016

Month Unknown        

image of Cichorium intybus

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org    bug_5374372

Month Unknown        

image of Cichorium intybus

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org    bug_5374373

Month Unknown        

image of Cichorium intybus

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5436765

Month Unknown        

image of Cichorium intybus

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5436770

Month Unknown        

image of Cichorium intybus

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5436772

Month Unknown        

Leaves oblong, toothed or pinnately lobed, smaller upward on the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Cichorium intybus

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5436776

Month Unknown