Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


295

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on natural levees, upland calcareous forests & woodlands, shell middens, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish
Functionally unisexual
5-6 lobed calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Pinkish-orange
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Celtis laevigata   FAMILY Cannabaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Celtis laevigata   FAMILY Ulmaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 056-03-001:
Celtis laevigata   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Celtis mississippiensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Celtis laevigata var. laevigata

 

COMMON NAME:
Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Smooth Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm090221_064

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

Keith Bradley    kab_celtis_laevigata_9377

February    Miami-Dade County    FL

Pistillate flowers in the axils of emerging leaves toward tips of twigs, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_celtis_laevigata_2

February        

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm090321_065

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Bark of mature trunk gray and smooth, becoming roughly warty, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm090321_067

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm090321_239

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm110313_966

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm060506_131

May    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Margins of leaves subtending fruits entire or 1-2 0.5-1mm teeth on one side, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm090711_080

July    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Leaf tip attenuate and long-acute to long-acuminate, base cuneate to rounded, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

Keith Bradley    kab_c_laevigata_79384

September    Miami-Dade County    FL

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

Keith Bradley    kab_celtis_leavigata_0066

September    Miami-Dade County    FL

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

JK Marlow    jkm131020_933

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Small, round, orange-red to yellow, 1-seeded fruits, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Celtis laevigata, image of Celtis laevigata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_laevigata_2_bark

December    Floyd County    GA