Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2949

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare, endemic to the Cumberland Plateau of TN with disjuncts in NC-VA

Look for it on acidic soils in deciduous forests with Kalmia latifolia & Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pale purplish/ Purplish-brown
Bisexual
3-merous
3-lobed rhombic-ovate calyx tube
Petals absent
12 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Hexastylis contracta   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis contracta   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 062-03-004:
Hexastylis contracta   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

LESS THAN New combinations in North American Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) (Barringer, 1993)
Asarum contractum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Asarum contractum

 

COMMON NAME:
Mountain Heartleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hexastylis contracta

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_h_contracta_04

May    Henderson County    NC

Leaves rounded, with cordate base, all portions of the sides convex, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis contracta

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_h_contracta_11

May    Henderson County    NC

Calyx tube rhombic-ovate (broadest near middle); lobes 3-8mm wide at base, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis contracta

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_h_contracta_18

May    Henderson County    NC

Internal ridged reticulation an open network raised < 1mm or absent, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).