Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


285

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in mesic and xeric forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Creamy-white
Unisexual
4-6 sepals
Petals absent
12(-18) stamens in staminate flowers
Flowers in catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Brown
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Castanea dentata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Castanea dentata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-02-001:
Castanea dentata   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Chestnut


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_cade12_001_lvd

        

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm090125_002

January    Greenville County    SC

Paris Mountain State Park

SC State Champion Tree. Bark smooth when young, becoming furrowed with age, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_dentata_pine_mtn_1

May        

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm0407s_17

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm070703_126

July    Greene County    TN

Staminate flowers in upright catkins 6-8" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm070703_128

July    Greene County    TN

Its long sharply-toothed leaves should make this tree distinctive, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm070703_129

July    Greene County    TN

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm070703_134

July    Greene County    TN

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm180821_3932

August    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

Twigs gray to shiny chestnut brown, glabrous, with numerous white lenticels, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_castanea_dentata_2

August        

Leaves mostly 5-9" long, light green, glabrous, long-pointed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Chestnut and Sawtooth Oak

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

Ron Lance    rwl_castanea_dentata

August    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm080924_139

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruits split along 4 sutures, enclosing 3 nuts, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    jkm080924_141

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Two or more nuts are enclosed in a spiny bur 2-3" across, maturing Sept-Oct, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Castanea dentata, image of Castanea dentata

JK Marlow    s071016_d

October    Oconee County    SC