Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


268

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on streambanks, riverbanks, bottomland forests, lower slopes, and, depending on variety, in maritime forests or rich cove forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Perianth absent in staminate flowers
Numerous stamens in staminate flowers
Inferior ovary
Flowers in catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Carpinus caroliniana +   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carpinus caroliniana +   FAMILY Betulaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 054-05-001:
Carpinus caroliniana   FAMILY Betulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Musclewood, American Hornbeam, Blue-beech, Ironwood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carpinus_caroliniana

January        

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Gill Newberry    gn03_carpinus_earlyspring

March        

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm160326_098

March    Laurens County    SC

Male flowers in dense drooping cylindrical catkins 3-4cm long, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm160326_098b

March    Laurens County    SC

Perianth of male flowers absent, the subtending scales acute, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm160326_099

March    Laurens County    SC

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Roxanna Martin    rlm31812_164

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Female flowers fewer, in shorter and less conspicuous catkins than the male, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Roxanna Martin    rlm31812_165

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Pistillate catkin left, at twig tip; staminate catkin on previous season's wood.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Roxanna Martin    rlm31812_90

March    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_caroliniana_1_bark

March    Floyd County    GA

Bark blue-gray, smooth; trunk twisted and fluted, appearing "muscular", per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE bark of American Hornbeam and Tag Alder

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_caroliniana_1

May        

Lvs elliptical to ovate, glabrous above, pale green w pubescent veins below, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

Gill Newberry    gn06_c_caroliniana_fruits

June        

Var. caroliniana: Bracts with rounded to subacute tips and few, blunt teeth, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm0506n_02

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Each ovoid nutlet subtended by a 3-lobed leaflike bract, in 2-4" clusters, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm0308g_19

August    Chester County    SC

Landsford Canal State Park

Wood growth not symmetrical, giving a sinewy appearance to the trunk, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm060805_135

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Var. virginiana: Bracts mostly sharp-tipped & with several sharp teeth, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    jkm0410k_29

October    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

Branches, branchlets, and twigs conspicuously 2-ranked. Leaves 2-ranked, per Flora of North America.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Hop-hornbeam and Hornbeam

picture of Carpinus caroliniana, image of Carpinus caroliniana +

JK Marlow    s051106_i2

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves doubly-toothed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.