OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-002:
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville18ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

Rapidly growing and erect, stems 3-6' tall, slender, hirsute, rough & square, per Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville19ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

Leaves narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, sessile with clasping bases, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville23ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_verbena_bonariensis_b

August        

Corolla tube 4-6(-7)mm, 1.5-2mm longer than the calyx, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-002:
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

 

Search by scientific name:

2461

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: South America

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in SC Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas, old fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a more detailed map from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium,

or click here to see a map from SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Purple
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed salverform corolla
4 stamens, attached to corolla tube
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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