Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1515

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain), centered in the Southern Appalachians

Look for it in rich coves & on mesic to dry slopes (the drier sites usually on limestone), often one of the most abundant trees in Southern Appalachian cove forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellow/Cream
Bisexual
5 sepals
5 petals
Numerous stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Brown
Nut-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Malvales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Tilia americana var. heterophylla   FAMILY Malvaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Tilia americana var. heterophylla   FAMILY Tiliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 121-01-002:
Tilia heterophylla   FAMILY Tiliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Mountain Basswood, White Basswood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_tihe_001_lvd

        

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_timi5_001_lvd

        

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_heterophylla_basswd

April        

Leaf bases unequally heart-shaped or nearly straight across, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm060506_107

May    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm100617_044

June    Cherokee County    NC

Flowers bisexual, yellowish or green, about 1/2" wide, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm100617_047

June    Cherokee County    NC

Flowers in clusters hanging from a strap-shaped bract, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Ron Lance    rwl1515_a

June        

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Ron Lance    rwl1515_a2

June        

Flowers in clusters on slender stalk with leaflike, narrow, 4-5" long bract, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm0407l_10

July    Jackson County    NC

Roadside/creekside

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_05

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

A large tree of rich moist soils, often with multiple trunks, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070703_123

July    Greene County    TN

Leaves pale & closely tomentose below (except green on juvenile wood), per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm100730_209

July    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Evidence of the basswood leaf miner.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_heterophylla_1_bark

December    Floyd County    GA

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_tilia_heterophylla

December        

Fruit a cluster of brown nutlets attached to a 2-3" leaflike bract, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Tilia americana var. heterophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmtheterophyll_0

Month Unknown