Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1051

Forb
Biennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont, rare in SC)

Look for it in cove forests, esp where rocky, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple: Pinnately divided, the segments lobed or parted
Basal & alternate
Cauline leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-parted calyx
5-lobed campanulate corolla
5 strongly exserted stamens, fused to corolla
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a helicoid cyme

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Boraginales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 160-05-001:
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phacelia bipinnatifida

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phacelia brevistyla

 

COMMON NAME:
Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_phbi2_001_lvd

        

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_2c

March        

Inflorescence a helicoid cyme (cincinnus), per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_4

March        

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_4b

March        

Calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 5-8mm long, both surfaces strigose, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4906

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4943

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Stamens are hairy and extend beyond the corolla, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4980

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Emits a distinctly musty odor when crushed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm090404_230

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm090404_231

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Flowers are dusty purple with 5 rounded lobes & a white center, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm090405_056

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Leaves hairy, mottled, & pinnately divided twice, the lobes coarsely toothed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm150424_782

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm150424_783

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm150424_815

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm170414_597

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm170414_598

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm170414_599

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm170414_600

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_phacelia_brevistyla_2

April        

Some consider Phacelia brevistyla to be distinct from P. bipinnatifida.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_phacelia_brevistyla_4

April        

The style of P. brevistyla is included (vs. exserted in bipinnatifida), per Flora of the southeastern United States (JK Small, 1913).

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

Steve Marlow    snm090405_024

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

A biennial 8-24" tall, with hairy stems, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

JK Marlow    jkm0305y_05

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Fruit: Capsules with 2-4 black seeds, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.