Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1039

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon to rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist to dry forests & woodlands, streambanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate & basal rosette

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow, maroon or bi-colored
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
4-lobed calyx, each side completely fused
2-lipped corolla
4 included stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in a spike, borne in the axils of leafy bracts

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Pedicularis canadensis   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-29-001:
Pedicularis canadensis   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Pedicularis canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pediculariscanadensis

March    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

Keith Bradley    kab_p_canadensis_1235

April    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

Keith Bradley    kab_p_canadensis_1244

April    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_33

May    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm0505i_14

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm0505i_14b

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Flowers form an array of yellow or reddish bent tubes, each with 4 lobes, per Southern Appalachian Wildflowers.

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm0505j_03

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm120517_114

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Basal leaves are 2-5" long, deeply lobed and appearing fern-like, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm120517_116

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm150505_892

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5078

May    Transylvania County    NC

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5086

May    Transylvania County    NC

image of Pedicularis canadensis, Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf, Canadian Lousewort

JK Marlow    jkm0406j_06

June    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Bald

Stem leaves are reduced in size upward with the upper almost sessile, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.