Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1000

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic to dry forests, often rocky, esp over basic rocks, reaching high elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Perianth absent in staminate flowers
Numerous stamens in staminate flowers
Inferior ovary
Flowers in catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ostrya virginiana   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 054-04-001:
Ostrya virginiana   FAMILY Betulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Hop-hornbeam, Ironwood, Eastern Hop-hornbeam


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ostrya virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_osvi_001_lvd

        

image of Ostrya virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_osvi_007_lhd

        

image of Ostrya virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_osvi_008_lvd

        

image of Ostrya virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_osvi_012_lvd

        

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0501b_11

January    Anderson County    SC

Bark light brown, narrowly grooved or scaly, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm120325_765

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

The scaly, shaggy brown bark suggests shagbark hickory, per Trees Worth Knowing by Julia Ellen Rogers (1924).

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm120325_766

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Bark thin, finely fissured into narrow plates, often shreddy in appearance, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm120325_768

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm120325_773

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Leaf bases rounded to almost heart-shaped or unequal, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm170401_393

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

"Witches brooms" (broomlike clusters of short branches) are common on this, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Ostrya virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_o_virginiana_1

May        

Leaf tips acute to acuminate; lower surfaces finely pubescent, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    s040509_a

May    Anderson County    SC

Lvs 2-ranked, blades oblong to elliptical, margins singly or doubly serrate, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Hop-hornbeam and Hornbeam

image of Ostrya virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_ostrya_virginiana_3_2

June        

A hairy pendent conelike cluster of bladderlike sacs, each with one nutlet, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm180828_4308

August    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Ostrya virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_ostrya_virginiana_1

October        

image of Ostrya virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_ostrya_virginiana_3

October        

One of our heaviest and hardest woods, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ostrya virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm071231_001

December    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Nuts ovoid, glabrous or puberulent, ribbed, 5-6.5 mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.