Carolinas and Georgia

2441

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-40-001:
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erythrina arborea

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erythrina herbacea

 

COMMON NAME:
Coral-bean, Cardinal-spear


map
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Look for it in maritime forests, dry sandy woodlands, sandhills in the outer Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

Shrub; Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC)

 

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems armed with many small prickles along the internodes OR unarmed

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Red
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped campanulate calyx
5-parted corolla, papilionaceous? but standard folded, flower appearing tubular
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

Coral-bean, Cardinal-spear