Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Richard Webb, Self-employed horticulurist, Bugwood.org bug_1480255
Upright, multi-stemmed, a dense twiggy mass - the Edsel of deciduous shrubs, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Dirr, 1975+).
Patrick Breen, Oregon State University, Bugwood.org bug_2308012
Cultivars include flower colors of white, pink and red.
Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org bug_5252051
Berries red or yellow, globose, 5-6mm in diameter, per Flora of China.
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org bug_5308002
Seeds 2-2.3mm, smooth with concave dots, per Flora of China.
Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org bug_5443143
Petiole 2-5mm; leaf blade ovate or ovate-oblong, sometimes oblong, per Flora of China.
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org bug_5448027
Inflorescences axillary paired flowers; peduncle 1-2cm, per Flora of China.
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org bug_5448034
Leaf base rounded or slightly cordate, margin ciliate, apex acute or obtuse, per Flora of China.
Habitat: Disturbed forests, per Weakley's Flora
Non-native: central Asia
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
- SC Native Plant Society
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
- US Fish & Wildlife Service
- US Forest Service Southern Research Station
- Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014
White/ Pink/ Red
Flowers in peduncled pairs in leaf axils
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control (Kaufman & Kaufman, 2007) p168
- A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Miller, Chambliss, & Lowenstein, 2010) p032
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p126
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p294
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p19
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p199
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".