Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 47 taxa.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spurge-nettle, Tread-softly, Bull-nettle, Finger-rot
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cnidoscolus stimulosus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cnidoscolus urens var. stimulosus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cnidoscolus stimulosus 107-01-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Cnidoscolus stimulosus

Central flower [of each cyme] usually pistillate, lateral usually staminate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis 107-02-001


White-vevety flowers in terminal clusters, not woolly only slightly hairy, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silverleaf Croton, Gulf Croton, Beach-tea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton punctatus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton punctatus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Croton punctatus 107-02-002


No other plant on the dunes even closely resembles this plant, per A Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.


camera icon Common Name: Prairie-tea, One-seed Croton
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton monanthogynus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton monanthogynus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Croton monanthogynus 107-02-004


Flowers minute. Male 3-5 tiny petals & sepals; female 5 sepals, no petals, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


range map need picture of flower of Croton capitatus, Woolly Croton, Hogwort, Capitate Croton
camera icon Common Name: Woolly Croton, Hogwort, Capitate Croton
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Croton capitatus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton capitatus var. capitatus
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Croton capitatus 107-02-005?
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Croton capitatus

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Alabama Croton
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton alabamensis var. alabamensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton alabamensis var. alabamensis
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Croton alabamensis

Pistillate flowers with well-developed, greenish petals, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Silver Croton, Sandhill Croton, Healing Croton
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Croton argyranthemus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton argyranthemus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Croton argyranthemus

Petals of staminate flowers lepidote [scurfy], per Weakley's Flora.


range map need picture of flower of Croton elliottii, Elliott's Croton, Pondshore Croton
Common Name: Elliott's Croton, Pondshore Croton
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Croton elliottii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Croton elliottii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Croton elliottii

range map need picture of flower of Croton michauxii, Sand Rushfoil, Michaux's Croton, Narrowleaf Rushfoil
Common Name: Sand Rushfoil, Michaux's Croton, Narrowleaf Rushfoil
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton michauxii
(?) PLANTS National Database: Croton michauxii var. michauxii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Crotonopsis linearis 107-03-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Circumscription of Croton section Crotonopsis (van Ee & Berry, 2009) Croton michauxii var. michauxii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Croton michauxii

range map need picture of flower of Croton willdenowii, Outcrop Rushfoil, Willdenow's Croton, Glade Rushfoil, Broadleaf Rushfoil
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Outcrop Rushfoil, Willdenow's Croton, Glade Rushfoil, Broadleaf Rushfoil
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Croton willdenowii
(?) PLANTS National Database: Croton michauxii var. elliptica
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Crotonopsis elliptica 107-03-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH Circumscription of Croton section Crotonopsis (van Ee & Berry, 2009) Croton michauxii var. elliptica
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Croton willdenowii

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Three-seeded Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Short-stalked Copperleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Acalypha virginica
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acalypha virginica
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Acalypha virginica 107-04-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Acalypha virginica

Axillary spikes with pistillate flowers near the base, staminate toward apex, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Slender Three-seeded Mercury, Slender Copperleaf, Short-stalked Copperleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Acalypha gracilens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acalypha gracilens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Acalypha gracilens 107-04-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Acalypha gracilens

Bracts subtending pistillate flwrs 9-15(16) lobed, longest lobe < 2mm long, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Common Three-seeded Mercury, Rhombic Copperleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Acalypha rhomboidea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acalypha rhomboidea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Acalypha rhomboidea 107-04-003
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Acalypha rhomboidea
SYNONYMOUS WITH World checklist of Euphorbiaceae (Govaerts, Frodin& Radcliffe-Smith, 2000) Acalypha virginica var. rhomboidea

Flowers in axillary inflorescences; in each, staminate above, pistillate below, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Rough-pod Copperleaf, Hophornbeam Copperleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Acalypha ostryifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acalypha ostryifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Acalypha ostryaefolia 107-04-004
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Acalypha ostryaefolia

Pistillate flowers chiefly in terminal spikes, staminate in axillary clusters, per Weakley's Flora.


range map need picture of flower of Acalypha setosa, Cuban Copperleaf
Common Name: Cuban Copperleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Acalypha setosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Acalypha setosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Acalypha setosa 107-04-005
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Acalypha setosa

range map need picture of flower of Ricinus communis, Castor-bean, Castor-oil Plant, Palma Christi
speaker icon Common Name: Castor-bean, Castor-oil Plant, Palma Christi
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ricinus communis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ricinus communis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Ricinus communis 107-05-001


range map need picture of flower of Tragia urens, Wavyleaf Noseburn, Southeastern Noseburn
camera icon Common Name: Wavyleaf Noseburn, Southeastern Noseburn
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Tragia urens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tragia urens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Tragia urens 107-06-001


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nettleleaf Noseburn, Tragia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Tragia urticifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tragia urticifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Tragia urticifolia 107-06-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Tragia urticaefolia

Spikes with 1-2 female flowers at base, 11-40 male flowers above, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


camera icon Common Name: Queen's-delight
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stillingia sylvatica ssp. sylvatica
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stillingia sylvatica ssp. sylvatica
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Stillingia sylvatica 107-07-001


Male flowers in a terminal spike, female flowers few and at its base, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


camera icon Common Name: Corkwood, Water Toothleaf
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stillingia aquatica
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stillingia aquatica
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Stillingia aquatica 107-07-002


Tiny flowers are borne in a conspicuous cylindrical spike at branch tips, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Popcorn Tree, Chinese Tallow-tree
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Triadica sebifera
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Triadica sebifera
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Sapium sebiferum 107-08-001


Slender drooping spike to 8" long, female flowers at base, male along spike, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.


range map need picture of flower of Ditrysinia fruticosa, Sebastian-bush
Common Name: Sebastian-bush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ditrysinia fruticosa
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ditrysinia fruticosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Sebastiania ligustrina 107-09-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Sebastiania fruticosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC ERROR) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Sebastiana ligustrina

camera icon Common Name: Toothed Spurge, Green Poinsettia, Wild Poinsettia, Painted Leaf
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia dentata
(?) PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia dentata var. dentata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia dentata 107-11-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Poinsettia dentata

Bracteal leaves usually whitish, pinkish or reddish, toward the base, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Painted Leaf, Fire-on-the-mountain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia cyathophora
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia cyathophora
GREATER THAN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia heterophylla var. heterophylla 107-11-002?
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Poinsettia cyathophora
GREATER THAN (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Poinsettia heterophylla

Flowers have no petals or sepals. Upper lvs reddish (or white) at the base, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia heterophylla
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia heterophylla
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Poinsettia heterophylla
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Poinsettia geniculata

Cyathial gland w a circular opening; bracteal leaves purple-spotted or green, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Woodland Spurge, Tinted Spurge, Wood Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia commutata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia commutata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia commutatus 107-11-005
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Galarhoeus commutatus

Crescent-shaped yellow glands in involucre give "flowers" their color, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cypress Spurge, Graveyard Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia cyparissias
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia cyparissias
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia cyparissias 107-11-006
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Galarhoeus cyparissias
SYNONYMOUS WITH Tithymalus cyparissias

Bracteal leaves usually yellow-green. Glands of cyathia crescent-shaped, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia purpurea, Glade Spurge, Darlington Spurge, Purple Spurge
Common Name: Glade Spurge, Darlington Spurge, Purple Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia purpurea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia purpurea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia purpurea 107-11-007


range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia lathyris, Caper Spurge, Myrtle Spurge, Mole Plant
camera icon Common Name: Caper Spurge, Myrtle Spurge, Mole Plant
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia lathyris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia lathyris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia lathyris 107-11-008
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Euphorbia lathyrus

camera icon Common Name: Carolina Ipecac, Wild Ipecac
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia ipecacuanhae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia ipecacuanhae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia ipecacuanhae 107-11-010
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Tithymalopsis ipecacuanhae
GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Euphorbia arundelana

Petaloid appendages of glands narrowly bordered with yellow or red, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: White Sandhills Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia curtisii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia curtisii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia curtisii 107-11-011


Flowers grow on long stalks at branch ends and from leaf axils, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.


camera icon Common Name: Maroon Sandhills Spurge, Coastal Sand Spurge, Purple Sandhill-spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia exserta
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia exserta
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia gracilior 107-11-012


Cyathia and capsules maroon; petaloid appendages maroon-red, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Flowering Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia corollata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia corollata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia corollata var. corollata 107-11-013a
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Tithymalopsis corollata

Flowering June-Sept, inflorescences appearing corymbose and densely flowered, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: False Flowering Spurge, Southeastern Flowering Spurge, Southern Flowering Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia pubentissima
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia pubentissima
GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia corollata var. zinniiflora 107-11-013b
GREATER THAN & LESS THAN, IN PART Vascular Flora of the Carolinas Euphorbia corollata var. corollata
GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Euphorbia apocynifolia

Flowering March-July, with the first flower situated between 2 lateral flowers, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spotted Spurge, Milk-purslane, Wartweed, Spotted Sandmat
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia maculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce maculata
GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia supina 107-11-014
SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Euphorbia maculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chamaesyce maculata

1-2 cyathia in each leaf axil. Petaloid appendages of glands white or pink, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia bombensis, Southern Seaside Spurge, Dixie Sandmat
camera icon Common Name: Southern Seaside Spurge, Dixie Sandmat
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia bombensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce bombensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia ammannioides 107-11-016
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chamaesyce ingallsii

range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia polygonifolia, Dune Spurge, Northern Seaside Spurge, Northern Sandmat
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dune Spurge, Northern Seaside Spurge, Northern Sandmat
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia polygonifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce polygonifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia polygonifolia 107-11-017
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chamaesyce polygonifolia

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eyebane
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia nutans
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce nutans
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia maculata 107-11-019
SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Euphorbia preslii

Petaloid appendages of glands conspicuous, white or rarely pink, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


camera icon Common Name: Pillpod Sandmat, Hairy Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia hirta
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce hirta
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Euphorbia hirta 107-11-020
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chamaesyce hirta

Cyathia borne in dense conspicuous clusters on peduncles 1cm or longer, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


camera icon Common Name: graceful sandmat
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia hypericifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce hypericifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Chamaesyce hypericifolia

range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Sandmat
camera icon Common Name: Hyssopleaf Sandmat
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia hyssopifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaesyce hyssopifolia


range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia discoidalis, Summer Spurge
Common Name: Summer Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia discoidalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia discoidalis


camera icon Common Name: Cumberland Spurge, Mercury Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia mercurialina
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia mercurialina
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Tithymalopsis mercurialina

Several staminate flowers with yellow anthers & solitary pistillate flower, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


range map need picture of flower of Euphorbia esula var. esula, Wolf's-milk, Leafy Spurge
Common Name: Wolf's-milk, Leafy Spurge
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Euphorbia esula var. esula
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia esula var. esula
SYNONYMOUS WITH World checklist of Euphorbiaceae (Govaerts, Frodin& Radcliffe-Smith, 2000) Euphorbia esula ssp. esula
LESS THAN Tithymalus esula

camera icon Common Name: grassleaf spurge
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Euphorbia graminea
(?) PLANTS National Database: Euphorbia graminea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Agaloma graminea

Cyathia have white petaloid appendages; capsules exserted, glabrous, ~2x3mm, per Euphorbia graminea (Euphorbiaceae), New to the Bahamas (Vincent, 2013).


range map need picture of flower of Bischofia javanica, Japanese Bishopwood, Javawood, Toog, Uriam
camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Bishopwood, Javawood, Toog, Uriam
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -
PLANTS National Database: Bischofia javanica


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tung-oil Tree
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Vernicia fordii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Vernicia fordii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003) Aleurites fordii

White petal lobes, throat splashed w red to maroon, lines radiating outward, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.


Your search found 47 taxa. You are on page PAGE 1 out of 1 pages.


"The term 'taxa' (singular, 'taxon') designates described plant entities and may be used as an alternative to 'species' when there is sufficient disagreement among taxonomists as to whether the plant is a true species or not. If not widely accepted as a distinct species, the plant may be considered a 'variety' or 'forma,' but all such units of identity are still taxa." — Ron Lance, Woody Plants of the Southeastern US, A Winter Guide