Carolinas and Georgia

43

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY Simaroubaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY Simaroubaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 104-01-001:
Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY Simaroubaceae

COMMON NAME:
Ailanthus, Tree-of-heaven


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Look for it on roadsides, in forests, disturbed areas, including cities, esp in moist, fertile soils. In our area, this tree is now an aggressive and noxious weed, colonizing even undisturbed forests and outcompeting the native vegetation, per Weakley's Flora

Tree
Perennial
Polygamous

Non-native: east Asia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 15-27 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish-green
Bisexual & unisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
10 stamens in staminate flowers/2-3 stamens in perfect/absent in pistillate

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Pink
Schizocarp of samaroid mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Ailanthus altissima   FAMILY Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus, Tree-of-heaven